Foods to Support Thyroid Health

Unexplained weight gain, poor skin condition, excessive fatigue and disability may be due to poor thyroid function. These symptoms are also suitable for other diseases, but if an ultrasound scan and a blood test still indicate violations in its work, then you need to start treatment and make your main diet from the products indicated in this article.


An important role in the normalization of the thyroid gland function is played by porridge made from buckwheat, oatmeal, pearl barley and bulgur.

Each of the cereals has its own set of trace elements, but it is especially important for the thyroid gland that they are a source of B vitamins.

Berries and fruits

Fresh fruits and berries contain antioxidants that protect all cells in the body from oxidative processes. This helps to eliminate inflammation in the thyroid gland, normalize its work and reduce the likelihood of hormonal disruption.

Apples, cherries, pears, blueberries, oranges, strawberries and rowan berries are especially useful for the thyroid gland.

Apples should be eaten with seeds, since they contain up to 15% of the daily iodine requirement. The most useful variety is “Gala”, which additionally contains vitamin B17.

Seafood and fish

Sea fish and cabbage, squid, shrimp, mussels are excellent sources of iodine and omega-3 for the body. However, you need to cook seafood as quickly as possible, and it is better to bake the fish, since with prolonged cooking or frying, iodine is rapidly destroyed.

It is advisable to give preference to seaweed, since it can be consumed fresh, which means that all useful substances will be preserved to the maximum. Only 70 g of the product contains the daily rate of iodine, and cabbage also lowers the level of “bad” cholesterol and thins the blood.

Doctors recommend that the thyroid gland be “fed” in the evening, so a portion of seaweed or a piece of stewed red fish for dinner will help it recover in a day.


Every day, to improve overall health and stable thyroid function, you need to eat at least 500 g of vegetables. Preference should be given to fruits with a high content of antioxidants – tomatoes, bell peppers, radishes and carrots, that is, those that have a bright color. However, cabbage of all kinds, cucumbers and spinach are also useful, but you should try to eat them raw, because the vitamin C contained in them is destroyed when heated.

It is also worth keeping in mind that it is with hypothyroidism that it is required to limit the consumption of white cabbage and cauliflower, as well as broccoli and spinach as much as possible.

Vegetable oils

In order for the thyroid gland to work correctly, it is necessary to add mainly cold-pressed vegetable oils to food, and limit the butter to 20 g per day.

Of the oils for the thyroid gland, the most useful are:

  1. Linseed. It contains about 60% omega-3, 20% omega-6, 10% omega-9. You cannot fry in such oil, but it is perfect for dressing salads and ready-made dishes. You can also drink it 30 minutes before the main meal, 1 tsp. 3 r / d for 2 weeks, then take a break for 1 month and repeat the course again.
  2. Sesame. It contains antioxidants as well as calcium, iron, omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. It is also forbidden to fry on it, but in salads and ready-made dishes, it will bring maximum benefit. Consider its nutty flavor before adding it to food. 2-3 tsp is enough for an adult a day. oils.
  3. Coconut. It contains arachidonic, linolenic, palmitic and caprylic acids, as well as calcium, phosphorus and antioxidants. This oil is recommended only for thyroid hypothyroidism in a volume equal to 2 tbsp. l. – one before breakfast, and the other with dinner.


Most types of nuts contain iodine, so they are very useful for the thyroid gland, but it must be borne in mind that this is an excessively high-calorie food and be limited to 30 g per day. Also, you need to be careful with nuts if there is a tendency to form kidney stones.

Most beneficial for the thyroid gland:

  1. Walnuts, as they contain acids necessary for the synthesis of tyrosine and phenylalanine – precursors of thyroid hormones. They also contain a lot of essential omega-3 fatty acids and easily digestible iodine.
  2. Brazilian – contain not only iodine, but also selenium, which together can prevent the development of severe hypothyroidism. These nuts also contain methionine, which contributes to the most complete absorption of copper, manganese and magnesium that make up their composition.
  3. Muscat – recommended for goiter, subacute and autoimmune thyroiditis to reduce the size of the gland and existing inflammation. One pinch of grated walnut is enough per day.